University of Salzburg

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Large equipment

Short Description

Digital electron microscope with magnification range between 20 u. 100,000 times.
Components: electron source (tungsten filament), electron column (electromagnetic lens systems, deflection unit and various detector systems), a sample chamber, the vacuum system (fore-vacuum and turbomolecular pump), different output media (video printer, photo unit), and a sample preparation device (AGAR sputter coater) for formation of conductive layers.

How the detectors work:
1) Secondary electron (SE) detector: for topography contrasts
2) Backscatter electron (BSE) detector: atomic number dependent, for elemental contrasts
3) Energy dispersive X-ray detector (EDX): provides information on the elemental composition of solids based on characteristic X-ray radiation
4) Cathodoluminescence (CL) detector: here the emission of electromagnetic radiation is exploited, characterization of semiconductors as well as internal structures of minerals

Contact Person

Dr. Getrude Friedl

Research Services

Identification and qualitative chemical characterization of natural solids (minerals, rocks, dusts, soils)
imaging of microstructures of solids

Methods & Expertise for Research Infrastructure

Structural and mineral chemical preliminary investigations of samples used for age dating
Microstructural imaging of rough surfaces of solids
Microchemical analysis of particulate samples (rock fragments, mineral fragments)
Micro- and nanopalaeontology (foraminifera, conodonts etc.)
Analysis of synthesis products (powder)
Examination of aerosols, clay minerals, soils, heavy minerals (environmental geology)
Nanotechnology (quality assurance)
Material analysis (product testing of building materials, metals)
materials research

Allocation to Core Facility

Argon age dating

Dr. Getrude Friedl
Fachbereich Geographie und Geologie
0043 662 8044 5450
Please contact us via, or contact the responsible person for this section, mentioned in the contact field
Department of Chemistry and Physics of Materials, University of Salzburg
Company Siconnex (wafer technology)
Company Leube
Company Webersberger Quarzolith
Company Bosch
Geochemistry and isotopic studies of REE-bearing Sangan Fe-Skarn, NE Iran
OEAD: Impulse Austria-Iran

Graphitic carbon: Formation and destruction of graphitic material in fault zones: Implications for fault strength and the carbon cycle
FWF-Projekt: P 28313-N29

Polyhalite: a key for dating sedimentary und tectonic processes of evaporites
FWF-Projekt: P22728

Late-stage orogenic evolution: How to link surface motion with distinct deep lithospheric processes
FWF-Projekt: P22110

Exhumation of Metamorphic Core Complexes
FWF-Projekt: M-1343

Subducted Cuba: Accretion of island arc systems at the northern margin of the Carribbean subduction system
ÖAW (IGCP 546)

GEODE - Geodynamics und ore deposit evolution
European Science Foundation
(umgfangreiche Kooperationen mit schweizerischen und südosteuropäischen Ländern)

Dating of Detrital White Mica
FWF-Projekt: 10506
The Oligocene Reifnitz tonalite (Austria) and its host rocks: implications for Cretaceous and Oligocene-Neogene tectonics of southeastern Eastern Alps.
Neubauer, F., Heberer, B., Dunkl, I., Liu, S., Bernroider, M., Dong, Y.
Geologica Carpathica, 69, 237–253
doi: 10.1515/geoca-2018-0014

Timing of orogenic exhumation processes of the Qinling Orogen: evidence from 40Ar/39Ar dating.
Dong, Y.-P., Neubauer, F., Genser, J., Sun, S.-S.. Yang, Z., Zhang, F., Cheng, B., Liu, X.-M., Zhang, G.-W.
Tectonics, Tect20977
doi: 10.1029/2017TC004765

Eocene high-pressure metamorphism and Oligocene retrogression on Naxos, Cyclades, Greece: Significance for Aegean tectonics and 40Ar/39Ar dating in polyphase metamorphic rocks.
Cao, S., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M., Genser, J.
Tectonophysics, 745, 66–94.

Geochemical and isotopic evidence for Carboniferous rifting - mafic dykes in the central Sanandaj-Sirjan zone (Dorud-Azna, West Iran)
Shakerardakani, F., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, M., von Quadt, A., Peytcheva, I., Liu, X., Genser, J., Monfaredi, B., Masoudi, F.
Geologica Carpathica, 68/3, 229–247
doi: 10.1515/geoca-2017-0017

Low-grade retrogression of a high-temperature metamorphic core complex: Naxos, Cyclades, Greece.
Cao, S., Neubauer, F., Bernroider, F., Genser, J., Liu, J., Friedl, G.
Geological Society of America Bulletin, 129, 93–117

40Ar/39Ar mineral ages of eclogites from North Shahrekord in the Sanandaj–Sirjan zone, Iran: Implications for the tectonic evolution of Zagros orogen
Davoudian, A.R., Genser, J., Neubauer, F., Shabanian, N.
Gondwana Research, 37, 216–240

The temporal evolution of the active margin along the Southeast Anatolian Orogenic Belt (SE Turkey)
Karaǒglan F., Parlak O., Hejl E., Neubauer F., Klötzli U.
Evidence from U–Pb, Ar-Ar and fission track chronology. Gondwana Research
DOI: 10.1016/

Formation of an intra-orogenic transtensional basin: the Neogene Wagrain basin in the Eastern Alps
Neubauer F.
Swiss Journal of Geosciences
DOI: 10.1007/s00015-016-0206-7.

Petrogenesis and 40Ar/39Ar dating of proto-forearc crust in the early Cretaceous Caribbean Arc: The La Tinta mélange (eastern Cuba) and its easterly correlation in Dominican Republic
Lázaro C., Blanco-Quintero I. F., Proenza J. A., Rojas-Agramonte Y., Neubauer F., Núñez-Cambra K., Garcia-Casco A.
International Geology Review

Geochemistry of enclaves and host granitoids from the Kashan granitoid complex, central Iran: Implications for enclave generation by interaction of cogenetic magmas
Honarmand M., Omrani N. R., Neubauer F., Nabatian G., Emami M. H., von Quadt A., Dong Y., Bernroider M.
Journal of Earth Science, 26, 5, 626-647
DOI: 10.1007/s12583-015-0584-1.

Rapid Eocene extension in the Chapedony metamorphic core complex, Central Iran: Constraints from 40Ar/39Ar dating
Kargaranbafghi F., Neubauer F., Genser J.
Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 106, 156-168
DOI: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2015.03.010.

The tectonic evolution of western Central Iran seen through detrital white mica
Kargaranbafghi F., Neubauer F., Genser J.
Tectonophysics, 651-652, 138-151
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.019.

40Ar/39Ar ages of crystallisation and recrystallisation of rock-forming polyhalite in Alpine rocksalt deposit
Leitner C., Neubauer F., Genser J., Borojevi-Šoštari B., Rantitsch G.
Jourdan, F., Mark, D. F. & Verati, C. (eds.) Advances in 40Ar/39Ar Dating from Archaeology to Planetary Sciences. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 378, 207-224
DOI: 10.1144/SP378.5.

The origin and age of the metamorphic sole from the Rogozna Mts., Western Vardar Belt: New support for the one-ocean model for the Balkan ophiolites
Borojevic-Šoštari S., Palinkaš A.L., Neubauer F., Cvetkovic V., Bernroider M., Genser J.
Lithos, 192-195, 39-55
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.01.011.

Polyphase exhumation in the Western Qinling Mountains, China: Rapid Early Cretaceous cooling along a lithospheric-scale tear fault and pulsed Cenozoic uplift
Heberer B., Anzenbacher T., Neubauer F., Genser J., Dong Y., Dunkl I.
Tectonophysics, 617, 31-43

40Ar/39Ar ages of crystallisation and recrystallisation of rock-forming polyhalite in Alpine rocksalt deposit
Leitner C., Neubauer F., Genser J., Borojevi-Šoštari B., Rantitsch G.
In: Jourdan, F., Mark, D. F. & Verati, C. (eds.)
Advances in 40Ar/39Ar Dating from Archaeology to Planetary Sciences.
Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 378, 207-224

Geology, alteration, age and origin of iron oxide-apatite deposits in UpperEocene quartz monzonite, Zanjan district, NW Iran
Nabatian G., Ghaderi M., Corfu F., Neubauer F., Bernroider M., Prokofiev V., Honarmand M.
Mineralium Deposita, 49, 217-234
DOI: 10.1007/s00126-013-0484-1.

An anorogenic pulse in a typical orogenic setting: Geochemical and geochronological record in the East Serbian latest Cretaceous to Paleocene alkaline rocks
Cvetkovic V., Šaric K., Prelevic D., Genser J., Neubauer F., Hoeck V., von Quadt A.
Lithos, 180-181, 181-199
DOI: 10.1016/j.lithos.2013.08.013.

Origin of deformed halite hopper crystals, pseudomorphic anhydrite cubes and polyhalite in Alpine evaporites (Austria, Germany)
Leitner C., Neubauer F., Marschallinger R., Genser J., Bernroider M.
International Journal of Earth Sciences, 102, 813-829

Cimmerian evolution of the Central Iranian basement: Evidence from metamorphic units of the Kashmar-Kerman Tectonic Zone
Masoodi M., Yassaghi A., Nogole Sadat M. A. A., Neubauer F., Bernroider M., Friedl G., Genser J., Houshmandzadeh A.
Tectonophysics, 588, 189-208
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2012.12.012.

The Haselgebirge evaporitic mélange in central Northern Calcareous Alps (Austria): part of the Permian to Lower Triassic rift of the Meliata ocean?
Schorn A., Neubauer F., Genser J., Bernroider M.
Tectonophysics, 583, 28-48
DOI: 10.1016/j.tecto.2012.10.016.