Field measurements

University of Salzburg

Hallein | Website

Core facility (CF)

Short Description

In this facility investigations of athletic movement in the field are carried out. These include, for example, technical analyzis in the field of skiing (Alpine and Nordic) and sports games. Another field of application areis stress analysis of athletic movements. Field applications require mobile systems to collect kinematic and kinetic parameters. nfluence ofmeasuring systems on the execution ofsporting action should be minimized. Digital video cameras including marker system for kinematic analysis, pressure measuring systems (pedar), spec. measuring bindings (Kistler), force transducers (pole forces in cross-country skiing) for kinetic parameters. For the recording of biological signals (EMG) small and mobile data loggers are used. For tracking movements, small GPS systems are used (skiing line).

Contact Person

Prof. Dr. Erich Müller

Research Services

Carrying out movement and load analyzes in the field
Use of sport-independent systems in both kinetic and kinematic methods
Expertise in alpine skiing, ski jumping, cross-country skiing, going up- and downhill, Sportgames.

Methods & Expertise for Research Infrastructure

Motion analysis (kinematics, kinetics, EMG) using software Vicon
load analysis
kinematics
kinetics
Pressure and force measurements under competition
Development of sports equipment
Testing sports equipment

Prof. Dr. Erich Müller
Interfakultärer Fachbereich für Sport- und Bewegungswissenschaft
0043 0662 8044 4851
erich.mueller@sbg.ac.at
https://spowi.uni-salzburg.at/mueller/
Please contact us via science.plus@sbg.ac.at, or contact the responsible person for this section, mentioned in the contact field
Swedish Winter Sports Research Center, Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden
Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Department of Physical Performance, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, Oslo, Norway
FIS International Ski Federation
CD Laboratory Biomechanics in skiing
Moticon, Germany
Atomic, Austria
Company Exel, Finland
Injury prevention in ski racing
2012 - laufend
Spörri (IFFB), Kröll (IFFB), Jahnel (IFFB), Müller (IFFB)
FIS Internationaler Skiverband

Biomechanische, Metabolische und Technikanalysen im Skilamglauf
2000 - laufend
Stöggl (IFFB), Lindinger (IFFB), Göpfert (IFFB)

Interreg IV Projekt „SAFE-A-HEAD“
1.6.2011 – 31.5.2014
Jahnel (IFFB), Rieder (IFFB), Pfusterschmied (IFFB)
Dolomiticert S.c.a.r.l., Italien
Universität Padua - Fakultät für Industrieingenieurwesen, Italien

Interreg IV Projekt „AIR-SKI“
1.6.2012 – 31.3.2015
Jahnel(IFFB), Rieder (IFFB), Pfusterschmied (IFFB)
Dolomiticert S.c.a.r.l., Italien
Universität Padua - Fakultät für Industrieingenieurwesen, Italien

Interreg IV Projekt „SAFERALPS“
1.6.2012 – 30.9.2015
Rieder (IFFB), Jahnel (IFFB)
Soccorso Alpino, Italien
Dolomiticert S.c.a.r.l., Italien
CAI Veneto, Italien
The effect of swinging the arms on muscle activation and production of leg force during ski skating at different skiing speeds.
2016
Göpfert C, Lindinger SJ, Ohtonen O, Rapp W, Müller E, Linnamo V.
Hum Mov Sci 2016;47:209–219.

The role of path length- and speed-related factors for the enhancement of section performance in alpine giant slalom.
2018
Spörri J, Kröll J, Schwameder H, Müller E.
Eur J Sport Sci 2018;1–9.

Application of dGNSS in Alpine Ski Racing: Basis for Evaluating Physical Demands and Safety.
2018
Gilgien M, Kröll J, Spörri J, Crivelli P, Müller E.
Front Physiol 2018;9:145.

Technical determinants of biathlon standing shooting performance before and after race simulation.
2018
Ihalainen S, Laaksonen MS, Kuitunen S, Leppävuori A, Mikkola J, Lindinger SJ, Linnamo V.
Scand J Med Sci Sports 2018;28:1700–1707.

Joint Inertial Sensor Orientation Drift Reduction for Highly Dynamic Movements.
2018
Fasel B, Sporri J, Chardonnens J, Kroll J, Muller E, Aminian K.
IEEE J Biomed Heal Informatics 2018;22:77–86.

The Use of Body Worn Sensors for Detecting the Vibrations Acting on the Lower Back in Alpine Ski Racing.
2018
Spörri J, Kröll J, Fasel B, Aminian K, Müller E.
Front Physiol

Standing Height as a Prevention Measure for Overuse Injuries of the Back in Alpine Ski Racing: A Kinematic and Kinetic Study of Giant Slalom.
2018
Spörri J, Kröll J, Fasel B, Aminian K, Müller E.
Orthop J Sport Med 2018;6:232596711774784.2017;8:522.

Do Maximal Roller Skiing Speed and Double Poling Performance Predict Youth Cross-Country Skiing Performance?
2017
Stöggl R, Müller E, Stöggl T.
J Sports Sci Med 2017;16:383–390.

Factors Discriminating High From Low Score Performance in Biathlon Shooting.
2017
Sattlecker G, Buchecker M, Gressenbauer C, Müller E, Lindinger SJ.
Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 12(3): 377-384.

Alpine Skiing With total knee ArthroPlasty (ASWAP): effects on strength and cardiorespiratory fitness.
2015
Pötzelsberger, B., Stöggl, T., Lindinger, S. J., Dirnberger, J., Stadlmann, M., Buchecker, M., … Müller, E.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), 16–25.
http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12475

Alpine Skiing With total knee ArthroPlasty (ASWAP): effects on gait asymmetries
2015
Pötzelsberger, B., Lindinger, S. J., Stöggl, T., Buchecker, M., & Müller, E.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25(Suppl 2), 49–59.
http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12484

Alpine Skiing With total knee ArthroPlasty (ASWAP): study design and intervention.
2015
Kösters, A., Pötzelsberger, B., Dela, F., Dorn, U., Hofstaedter, T., Fink, C., & Müller, E.
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 25 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), 3–9.
http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12459

Impact of skier actions on the gliding times in alpine skiing
2008
Federolf P., Scheiber P., Rauscher E., Schwameder H., Lüthi A., Rhyner H.U., Müller E.
Scand J Med Sci Sport: 18: 790–797
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2007.00745.x

Determination of external forces in alpine skiing using a differential global navigation satellite system
2013
Gilgien M., Spörri J., Chardonnens J., Kröll J., Müller E.
Sensors (Basel), 13(8):9821-35
DOI: 10.3390/s130809821

Mechanics of turning and jumping and skier speed are associated with injury risk in men’s world cup alpine skiing: a comparison between the competition disciplines
2014
Gilgien M., Spörri J., Kröll J., Crivelli P., Müller E.
Br J Sport Med, 48: 742–747
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092994

The effect of different global navigation satellite system methods on positioning accuracy in elite alpine skiing
2014
Gilgien M., Spörri J., Limpach P., Geiger A., Müller E.
14: 18433–18453.
Sensors (Basel), 14(10):18433-53
DOI: 10.3390/s141018433

Three-dimensional knee joint loading in alpine skiing: a comparison between a carved and a skidded turn.
2012
Klous M., Müller E., Schwameder H.
J Appl Biomech 28: 655–664
PMID: 22660886

Three-Dimensional Lower Extremity Joint Loading in a Carved Ski and Snowboard Turn: A Pilot Study.
2014
Klous M., Müller E., Schwameder H.
Comput Math Methods Med.,340272
DOI: 10.1155/2014/340272

Application of a body-weight supporting kite for sprint running
2013
Kratky S., Müller E.
J Strength Cond Res, 27(11):2973-80
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828c2702

Quadriceps Muscle Function during Recreational Alpine Skiing
2010
Kröll J., Wakeling J.M., Seifert J.G., Müller E.
Med Sci Sport Exerc, 42: 1545–1556
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d299cf

Kinematic differences of elite and high-performance tennis players in the cross court and down the line forehand.
2010
Landlinger J., Lindinger S.J., Stöggl T., Wagner H., Müller E.
Sport Biomech, 9: 280–295
DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2010.535841

Key factors and timing patterns in the tennis forehand of different skill levels.
2010
Landlinger J., Lindinger S., Stöggl T., Wagner H., Müller E.
J Sport Sci Med, 9: 643–651
PMID: 24149792

How do elite cross-country skiers adapt to different double poling frequencies at low to high speeds?
2011
Lindinger S.J., Holmberg H.C.
Eur J Appl Physiol, 111: 1103–1119
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-010-1736-8

Biomechanical pole and leg characteristics during uphill diagonal roller skiing.
2009
Lindinger S.J., Göpfert C., Stöggl T., Müller E., Holmberg H.C.
Sport Biomech, 8: 318–333
DOI: 10.1080/14763140903414417

Changes in upper body muscle activity with increasing double poling velocities in elite cross-country skiing.
2009
Lindinger S.J., Holmberg H.C., Müller E., Rapp W.
Eur J Appl Physiol, 106: 353–363
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-009-1018-5

Control of speed during the double poling technique performed by elite cross-country skiers.
2009
Lindinger S.J., Stöggl T., Müller E., Holmberg H.C.
Med Sci Sport Exerc, 41: 210–220
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318184f436

Effects of gliding properties of cross-country skis on the force production during skating technique in elite cross-country skiers.
2013
Ohtonen O. Linnamo V & LSJ
Int J Sport Sci Coach, 8: 407-416
DOI: 10.1260/1747-9541.8.2.407

Postural balance and rifle stability during standing shooting on an indoor gun range without physical stress in different groups of biathletes
2014
Sattlecker G. Buchecker M. Müller E., Lindinger S.
Int J Sport Sci Coach, 9 (1): 171-184
DOI: 10.1260/1747-9541.9.1.171

Relationships between biomechanics and physiology in older, recreational alpine skiers
2012
Scheiber P., Seifert J., Müller E.
Scand J Med Sci Sport, 22: 49–57
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01146.x

Instructor-paced vs. self-paced skiing modes in older recreational alpine skiers.
2011
Scheiber P., Seifert J.G., Müller E.
J Strength Cond Res, 25: 988–996
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181d4eb2d

Effects of 4-week slackline training on lower limb joint motion and muscle activation
2013
Pfusterschmied J., Stöggl T., Buchecker M., Lindinger S., Wagner H., Müller E.
J Sci Med Sport, 16(6):562-6
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.12.006

Perceived key injury risk factors in world cup alpine ski racing-an explorative qualitative study with expert stakeholders.
2012
Spörri J., Kröll J., Amesberger G., Blake O.M., Müller E.
Br J Sport Med, 46: 1059–1064
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091048

Turn characteristics of a top world class athlete in giant slalom – a case study assessing current performance prediction concepts.
2012
Spörri J., Kröll J., Schwameder H., Müller E.
Int J Sport Sci Coach, 7: 647–659
DOI: 10.1260/1747-9541.7.4.647

Course setting and selected biomechanical variables related to injury risk in alpine ski racing: an explorative case study.
2012
Spörri J., Kröll J., Schwameder H., Schiefermüller C., Müller E.
Br J Sport Med, 46: 1072–1077
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091425

Three-dimensional Force and Kinematic Interactions in V1 Skating at High Speeds
2014
Stöggl T., Holmberg H.C.
Med Sci Sport Exerc, 47(6):1232-42
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000510

Impact of Carrying a Rifle on Physiology and Biomechanical Responses in Biathletes
2015
Stöggl T., Bishop P., Höök M., Willis S., Holmberg H.C.
Med Sci Sport Exerc, 47(3):617-24
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000438

Biomechanical determinants of oxygen extraction during cross-country skiing
2013
Stöggl T., Björklund G., Holmberg H.C.
Scand J Med Sci Sports, 23(1):e9-20
DOI: 10.1111/sms.12004