Performance diagnostics strength

University of Salzburg

Hallein | Website

Core facility (CF)

Short Description

In this facility, examinations on the motor skills of strength, speed and coordination are performed. By means of three-dimensional force plates, ground reaction forces are measured and thus speed and explosive force parameters, mainly of the lower extremities, are determined. With the strength measuring device, the Schnell M3 and the fitness equipment, systems are available for the dynamic and isometric maximum strength determination of all muscle groups. Among others, coordinative abilities can be determined with the Posturomed and the Fitro Agility Check. To measure biological signals, a EMG system (Biovison) is available. Musculoskeletal changes in muscle morphology through training can be quantified by ultrasound scans (Esoate LA523E5). A Constant Current Stimulator from Digitimer is used to examine neuromuscular adaptations.

Contact Person

Prof. Dr. Erich Müller

Research Services

Combination of strength and endurance training regimes enhancing sport-specific performance
Quantification of morphological adaptations of the musculature using ultrasound
Development of sports-specific diagnostics regarding strength

Methods & Expertise for Research Infrastructure

Methods of strength and acceleration measurement
Method of three-dimensional strength determination by power plate AMTI
Methods of EMG, derivation and processing / evaluation
Determination of dynamic equilibrium by Posturomed
Isometric core strength diagnostics Schnell m3
Measuring systems for checking coordinative skills
Diagnosis and training support in Biathlon
Method of vibration training (vibrating plates)
Systems for the determination of muscle power threshold


Prof. Dr. Erich Müller
Interfakultärer Fachbereich für Sport- und Bewegungswissenschaft
0043 0662 8044 4851
Please contact us via, or contact the responsible person for this section, mentioned in the contact field
Austrian Football Association ÖFB
Olympic Center Salzburg
SALTO, Salzburg (
ZentrAAL, Salzburg (
Various national teams biathlon
Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg
KLIF Projekt - Good Vibration
2017 – laufend
Rieder (IFFB), Wiesinger (IFFB), Kösters (IFFB), Müller (IFFB), Herfert (SALK), Vasváry (SALK), Sassmann (SALK), Landkammer (SALK), Wicker (SALK)
Department of Sport Science an Kinesiolgy, University of Salzburg, Austria (E. Müller), SALK – Universitätsklinik für physikalische Medizin und Rehabilitation (A. Wicker), SALK – Universitätsinstitut für Radiologie (K. Hergan)

Prevention of early Childhood obesity - Projekt SALTO
Ring-Dimitriou (IFFB), Weghuber (Universitätskinderklinik, PMU Salsburg), Freudenthaler (IFFB), Aistleitner (Projektmanagement), Horvath (Diätologin)

Zentraal - Modul Fitness
Ring-Dimitriou (IFFB)

Leistungsdiagnostik Olympiazentrum Salzburg-Rif
Müller (IFFB), Dfirnberger (IFFB), Kösters (IFFB), Schiefermüller (OZ)
Olympiazentrum Salzburg-Rif

Leitungsdiagnostik Österreichischer Fußballbund (ÖFB)
Müller (IFFB), Gonaus (IFFB), Ruttensteiner (ÖFB), Zallinger (ÖFB)

SASES Salzburg Skiing for the Elderly study
Müller (IFFB), Kösters (IFFB), Pötzelsberger (IFFB), Scheiber (IFFB), Finkenzeller (IFFB)
Christian Doppler Laboratory "Biomechanics in Skiing" University of Salzburg, Austria (E. Müller)
Institute for Biomedical Research, School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom (M. Narici)
Department of Sports Medicine, Prevention and Rehabilitation, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria (J. Niebauer)
Xlab, Department of Biomedical Science, Center of Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenghagen, Denmark (F. Dela)
Department of Sport Science, University of Freiburg (A. Gollhofer)

Skiing after total knee athroplasty
Müller (IFFB), Kösters (IFFB), Pötzelsberger (IFFB), Rieder (IFFB), Wiesinger (IFFB), Finkenzeller (IFFB), Amesberger (IFFB), Würth (IFFB)
Department of Sport Science an Kinesiolgy, University of Salzburg, Austria (E. Müller)
Xlab ,Department of Biomedical Science, Center of Healthy Aging, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenghagen, Denmark (F. Dela)
Orthopaedic University Clinic, Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg, Austria (U. Dorn, T. Hofstädter)
Sportsclinic Austria, Innsbruck, Austria (Ch. Fink)
Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway (O. Seynnes)
MRC ARUK Centre for Musculoskeletal Ageing Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK (M. Narici)
Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy (M. Conte)

Biathlondiagnostik/ Messplatztraining
Sattlecker (IFFB), Gressenbauer (IFFB), Buchecker (IFFB), Pfusterschmied (IFFB), Stöggl, IFFB, Birklbauer (IFFB)
Betreute Teams: Nationalteams Österreich (Nachwuchs, Damen, Herren)
Nationalteam Slowakei (Damen)
Nationalteams Italien, Ukraine, USA, Cana (jew. Damen, Herren)
Nationalteams Polen, Slowenien, Weißrussland (Damen)
Nachwuchsteams (Skigymnasium Stams, Skihandelsschule Schladming)

Sleep and gross-motor learning in school aged children and adults
Hödlmoser (FB Psychologie), Birklbauer (IFFB), Schabus (FB Psychologie), Müller(IFFB)
Fachbereich Psychologie, Universität Salzburg
Quantitative analysis of patellar tendon after total knee arthroplasty using echo intensity. A non-randomized controlled trial of alpine skiing.
Sato, Y., Kösters, A., Rieder, F., Sasho, T., Müller, E., & Wiesinger, H.
The Journal of Arthroplasty.

Device and method matter: A critical evaluation of eccentric hamstring muscle strength assessments
Wiesinger HP, Gressenbauer C, Kösters A, Scharinger M, Müller E.
Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2020;30(2):217‐226.

Muscle Strength and Fitness in Pediatric Obesity: a Systematic Review from the European Childhood Obesity Group.
Thivel D, Ring-Dimitriou S, Weghuber D, Frelut ML, O’Malley G.
Obes Facts 2016;9:52–63.

SALTO - Study Protocol and Rationale of a Community-Oriented Obesity Prevention Program in the Kindergarten.
Ring-Dimitriou S, Freudenthaler T, Aistleitner V, Horvath G, Stallinger J, Dimitriou M, Ardelt-Gattinger E, Weghuber D.
Obes Facts 2018;11:234–246.

Specific Physical Training in Elite Male Team Handball.
Wagner H, Gierlinger M, Adzamija N, Ajayi S, Bacharach DW, von Duvillard SP.
J Strength Cond Res 2017;31:3083–3093.

Relationships between maximal strength of lower limb, anthropometric characteristics and fundamental explosive performance in handball players.
Hermassi S, Chelly M, Wagner H, Fieseler G, Schulze S, Delank KS, Shephard R, Schwesig R.
Sport · Sport 2018;

Physical Performance in Elite Male and Female Team Handball Players.
Wagner H, Fuchs P, Fusco A, Fuchs P, Bell WJ, Duvillard SP.
Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2018;1–24.

Alpine Skiing as Winter-Time High-Intensity Training.
Med Sci Sport Exerc 2017;49:1859–1867.

Strength of the Knee Extensors : The Influence of Criterion Trial Detection Methodology on Measurement Reproducibility Explosive
Dirnberger, J., Wiesinger, H., Wiemer, N., Kösters, A., & Müller, E.
Journal of Kuman Kinetics, 50(March), 15–25.

Are Sport-Specific Profiles of Tendon Stiffness and Cross-Sectional Area Determined by Structural or Functional Integrity?
Wiesinger, H.-P., Rieder, F., Kösters, A., Müller, E., & Seynnes, O. R.
PloS One, 11(6), e0158441.

Alpine Skiing With total knee ArthroPlasty (ASWAP): effect on tendon properties. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Kösters, A., Rieder, F., Wiesinger, H.-P., Dorn, U., Hofstaedter, T., Fink, C., … Seynnes, O. R.
25 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), 67–73.

Immediate effects of whole body vibration on patellar tendon properties and knee extension torque. European Journal of Applied Physiology.
Rieder, F., Wiesinger, H.-P., Kösters, A., Müller, E., & Seynnes, O. R.

Effects of Increased Loading on In Vivo Tendon Properties: A Systematic Review.
Wiesinger, H.-P., Kösters, A., Müller, E., & Seynnes, O. R.
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 47(9), 1885–95.

Psychological, nutritional, and sports-specific aspects of obesity in adolescence
Ardelt-Gattinger E., Ring-Dimitriou S.
Springer, editor(s). Morbid Obesity in Adolescents. Vienna: Springer

Spine kinematics and trunk muscle activity during standing with unstable footwear
Buchecker M., Stöggl T., Müller E.
Scand J Med Sci Sport
DOI: 10.1111/sms.12053

Die Erhebung der motorischen Kompetenz bei Vorschulkindern
Freudenthaler T., Ring-Dimitriou S.
In: Ring-Dimitriou S, Tilp M, Werner I, editor(s). Sportwissenschaft zwischen Bewegungsförderung und Trainingstherapie. Herausforderungen und Perspektiven. Spectrum der Sportwissenschaften, 24 (Suppl)

The effect of external perturbations on variability in joint coupling and single joint variability
Haudum A., Birklbauer J., Müller E.
Hum Mov Sci 2014: 36: 246–257
DOI: 10.1016/j.humov.2014.02.004

Effect of exercise intervention on thigh muscle volume and anatomical cross-sectional areas – quantitative assessement using MRI
Hudelmaier M. et al.
Magn Reson Med: 64: 1713–1720
DOI: 10.1002/mrm.22550

Influence of loading rate on patellar tendon mechanical properties in vivo
Kösters A., Wiesinger H.P., Bojsen-Møller J., Müller E., Seynnes O.R.
Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 29: 323–9
DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.12.010

Sprint running with a body-weight supporting kite reduces ground contact time in well trained sprinters.
Kratky S., Müller E.
J Strength Cond Res 27(5):1215-22
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182654a30

Supervised slackline training improves postural stability
Pfusterschmied J., Buchecker M., Keller M., Wagner H.,Taube W., Müller E.
Eur J Sport Sci 13: 49–57
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2011.583991

Application of a body-weight supporting kite for sprint running
Kratky S., Müller E.
J Strength Cond Res 2013, 27(11):2973-80
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828c2702

Changes in physical fitness in moderately fit adults with and without the use of exercise telemetry monitors
Ring-Dimitriou S., von Duvillard S.P., Stadlmann M., Kinnunen H., Drachta O., Müller E., Laukkanen R., Hamra J., Weeks S., Peak K.
Eur J Appl Physiol, 102: 505–513
PMID: 18026864

Postural balance and rifle stability during standing shooting on an indoor gun range without physical stress in different groups of biathletes
Sattlecker G., Buchecker M., Müller E., Lindinger S.
Int J Sport Sci Coach, 9 (1): 171-184
DOI: 10.1260/1747-9541.9.1.171

The effect of 16 weeks plyometric training on explosive actions in early to mid-puberty elite soccer players
Söhnlein Q., Müller E., Stöggl T.L.
J Strength Cond Res , 28: 2105–2114
DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000387

The impact of diurnal sleep on the consolidation of a complex gross motor adaptation task
Hoedlmoser K., Birklbauer J., Schabus M., Eibenberger P., Rigler S., Mueller E.
J Sleep Res
DOI: 10.1111/jsr.12207

Motor learning of gross-motor skills under variable practice conditions: A neurobiological approach
Haudum A., Birklbauer J., Kröll J., Müller E.
Educ Phys Train Sport, 80: 22–28
ISSN 1392–5644

Motor abilities and anthropometrics in youth cross-country skiing
Stöggl R., Müller E., Stöggl T.
Scand J Med Sci Sport
DOI: 10.1111/sms.12254

Do Anthropometrics, Biomechanics, and Laterality Explain V1 Side Preference in Skiers?
Stöggl T., Hébert-Losier K., Holmberg H.C.
Med Sci Sport Exerc, 45: 1569–1576
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828b815a

Biomechanical validation of a specific upper body training and testing drill in cross-country skiing
Stöggl T., Lindinger S., Müller E.
Sport Biomech, 5: 23–46
PMID: 16521621

Testing game based performance in team-handball
Wagner H., Orwat M., Hinz M., Pfusterschmied J., Bacharach D.W., Petelin von Duvillard S., Müller E.
J Strenght Cond Res
PMID: 24942163